A Guide to Vitamin C
When it comes to Vitamin C we must recognize Linus Pauling and his advocacy of Vitamin C. Linus Pauling was a Nobel prize winner who advocated taking large doses of Vitamin C. You can find out more about him at the Linus Pauling Institute. Vitamin C is Known to have many beneficial functions in the body.
It is important to the structural component of blood vessels, tendons, ligaments, and bone. It plays a vital role in the synthesis of the neurotransmitter, norepinephrine. Neurotransmitters are critical and involved in brain function and are known to affect mood. Vitamin C is required for the synthesis of carnitine, an amino acid essential for the transport of fat into the mitochondria, for conversion to energy.
The mitochondria are known as the powerhouse of the cell. Recent research suggests that vitamin C is involved in the metabolism of cholesterol to bile acids, which may have implications for blood cholesterol levels and the incidence of gallstones. Vitamin C is a highly effective antioxidant.
Even in small amounts vitamin C can protect indispensable molecules in the body, such as proteins, lipids (fats), carbohydrates, and nucleic acids (DNA and RNA) from damage by free radicals and reactive oxygen species that can be generated during normal metabolism as well as through exposure to toxins and pollutants (e.g. smoking). Vitamin C may also be able to regenerate other antioxidants such as vitamin E.
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